Tag Archives: grand prix

A Visit to the Port Imperial Grand Prix Circuit Part 3: An Interactive Guide

This is the third article in a series on a visit to the Port Imperial Circuit from Manhattan’s Grand Central Station, you can follow ‘F1 in America’ on twitter and Facebook for regular updates on this story and more photographs.

Below is an interactive circuit map for the GP of America with photos and locations marked along the circuit length. Links in pop up image windows show full size picture. Circuit is based on the latest released layout featured in Part 1 of this story.

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Version 1.0


Filed under American F1 circuits, American F1 Events, American F1 history, Events, F1 in America, Formula 1 New Jersey, GP of America

A Visit to the Port Imperial Grand Prix circuit Part 2: A Drive to a View

This is the second article in a series on a visit to the Port Imperial Circuit from Manhattan’s Grand Central Station, you can follow ‘F1 in America’ on twitter and Facebook for regular updates on this story and more photographs.

Just before I visited the circuit in May, Jalopnik leaked a revised circuit diagram which included a few changes from the initial layout last year, virtually identical to the one my contact at Tilke brought to our meeting.  At the end of Part 1 of this article, the most recent public version of the entire circuit map (.pdf) is available. Both versions are shown below highlighting changes to the pit out and waterfront section through turns 2, 3 and 4 that were made between 2011 and May 2012. Click on any of the images in this post to zoom.

Turns 1 -4 of the Port Imperial Circuit:  Initial layout (Fall 2011)

T1-T4 Initial layout, note long pit out and a quicker exit at T3

Turns 1 -4 of the Port Imperial Circuit:  Updated layout (May 2012)

T1-T4 revised layout, pit out shortened, T3 slowing cars for T4 (no runoff)

Noting these differences before my trip to the circuit, I asked my friend at Tilke what brought these about, and part of the reason for these changes include a need to slow race traffic towards turn 4, a 90 degree right hander with no runoff area.  By creating a slower 90 degree right at T3, cars will be forced to reduce speed entering and exiting as they head back up the hill to T4.  Pit out has also been shortened to exit closer to Turn 1, and a decreased length between T1 and T2 will mean that the speed differential between cars re-entering the circuit there is also lessened.

Turns 1 and 2 are currently a 90 degree left and sweeping exit right hander over private land (mostly parking lots) which will be surrounded by grandstands, and FOM cameras covering the race will no doubt aim to include cars, spectators and the impressive skyline as drivers come through this part of the circuit.  Below is the view out of 3 up the hill towards a bridge which crosses over the Southern end of passenger rail line to the circuit.  This is a narrow two lane stretch with homes very close by on driver’s right, and from the looks of it will need some work as the transition to the concrete portion is currently uneven:

Uphill to begin a 150' climb up to JFK Blvd East

Across the other side of the bridge at T4, a tight 90 degree right, the circuit gains most of it’s elevation along Pershing Road, running just over two lanes wide with speed bumps along it’s length.

Inside Turn 4 heading up 35 mph Pershing Drive, speed bumps along the way

Trees also line both sides, with shadows cast along the East side of Pershing road in late morning sun.  Things like storm drains and manhole covers (below) are usual road features that may or may not be on the racing surface, depending on how asphalt and track wall are put down to define the course.

Tree lined Pershing road up to the JFK drive chicane

Approaching the top of Pershing road, a restaurant (far R) sits at the intersection where a wider JFK Blvd East contours along the cliffside offering an overtaking spot with a view for television cameras:

The view East from Pershing Road towards Midtown Manhattan

Cars will be exiting their climb up the hill here onto the longest straight of the circuit with a quick left/right chicane onto JFK Blvd East.  Judging from F1 speeds at places like Piscine at Monaco, and with a fairly forgiving camber along the road, cars will be passing through here well over 100 mph.  The photo below shows a good amount of usable area for track width at this exit for overtaking.  Beyond the traffic lights on the right will be a slip road probably for course safety and track services.

Looking back at Turn 7's wide exit along JFK Blvd East (click to enlarge)

Camber will be an issue along this circuit, and one of the changes that Tilke has specified is a lessening of the road’s crown or curved raised center profile, something most roads have to some degree to help remove standing water and aid in drainage.   The view below is back in the race direction a little farther along JFK Blvd East, and shows parked cars angled away from each other due to the degree of camber in the road that currently exists.

Note parked cars leaning to each side due to the road's crowning

Tilke’s Formula 1 driving surfaces are known for their billiard table smoothness (the purpose built road course at Circuit of The Americas is specified to be flat within 2mm over a 4m distance), a trait that helps keep F1 cars’ aerodynamic grip consistent along the road.  However, because these are public roads in use year round, some crowning will be needed.  Rain in this area can fall at more than an inch per hour and over extended periods in hurricane season so good drainage is important. It’s expected that some of the earliest road work to begin at Port Imperial will take place in the form of millwork on JFK drive in preparation for resurfacing and a reduction in the road’s crowning.

JFK Blvd East is lined with trees, balconied homes and high rise residences

Winding along JFK at the top of the hill are just over ½ mile of homes, trees, public parks, and a series of gently sweeping turns overlooking the magnificent Manhattan Skyline.  The view towards New York is breathtaking, and top speeds here may reach 200 mph as cars outbrake each other beside this public park and fountain.  Grandstands are currently planned to capture the action for fans.

A 200 mph braking zone on left, fountain and Manhattan skyline on right (click to enlarge)

Critical to the success of any street circuit is the area available to overtake using the existing road layout, and it’s along the fastest portion of the circuit that once again the road widens as cars prepare for the trip back downhill along Anthony M. Defino way.

Turn 12: Cars brake towards camera along JFK, back down the hill to the left of shot towards the NY skyline along Anthony M Defino Way (click to enlarge)

The road narrows slightly here as the cars head down this flowing hill towards the hairpin, dropping back down 150’ in a just over ½ mile. 

Flowing curves back down the hill towards hairpin

The next photo of the approach to the hairpin reveals the tall Versailles Apartments and Galaxy Towers behind a row of tan homes in the foreground that are situated between Anthony M. Defino Way and a retaining wall.  Residences directly affected by the race will be an important part of planning for Grand Prix organizers, as homes and businesses affected by the circuit are an important part of the work behind the scenes to make a race like this successful.

Approach to the hairpin, Galaxy towers in background

Buildings like those in the foreground above can be completely barricaded during various phases of circuit operations – in this case literally between a rock and a hard place.  Paving equipment, catch fencing and concrete barriers have to be scheduled to arrive and depart in the coming year along the only road in or out of buildings like these, so altering or limiting the entrance to homes and businesses during these various phases requires careful planning and consideration not only for residents, but also for emergency services (police, private security, fire, EMS), deliveries and visitors.

Galaxy Towers hairpin view - Anthony M Defino Way (approach) to Port Imperial Blvd (harborfront) Expect upper balcony floors to command top dollar prices (click to enlarge)

Not all homes will be affected the same way by the arrival of the circuit, as this view above from the Galaxy Towers looking South over the hairpin shows.  Part of the race’s economic impact will certainly be felt here with balconies commanding top dollar for their impressive views.  The Versailles Apartments are on the right, and between these two sets of buildings, some owners will be thinking about the vistas they’ll be able to rent or share come race weekend.

A gentle downhill slope leads into the hairpin (click to enlarge)

Back down on the ground, the panoramic shot above shows a gentle slope into the hairpin as well as the space circuit designers have to work with at this critical braking and overtaking area.  Roughly equivalent in total area to a football field, this turn has much more room than the hotel hairpin at Monaco, with plenty to create track width and overtaking.  Recent plans call for a statue to be located roughly where this photo is taken on the grass, a nice touch that recalls memories of the Long Beach circuit.

Part 3 is an interactive map of the circuit with the photos above located along a Google map for easy location – for more photos of this visit and updates, visit F1 in America on Facebook and twitter @F1US.


Filed under American F1 circuits, American F1 Events, American F1 Fans, F1 and business, Formula 1 New Jersey, GP of America, United States Grand Prix

A Visit to the Port Imperial Grand Prix Circuit Part 1: Start/Finish

This is the first article in a series on a visit to the Port Imperial Circuit from Manhattan’s Grand Central Station, you can follow ‘F1 in America’ on twitter and Facebook for regular updates on this story and more photographs.

With just over a year to go until the flag drops on Formula 1’s newest race in Weehawken (aka West New York), it was time to visit this massive project and learn what America’s newest F1 venue will have in store for fans and the region next Summer.

The Chrysler Building on a beautiful Spring day en route to the 39th Street/Midtown ferry terminal

A perfect Friday in May provided the backdrop as I left from Grand Central Station and found a seat on an 8:45am bus ($2.25) down 42nd street, making my way across town towards the westside.  As the bus crossed 10th Avenue and approached the water, the view across the Hudson became clearer between the tall buildings with green trees across the river visible over an area just South of the circuit.

Manhattan Midtown/West 39th Street ferry terminal

The 39th Street/Midtown ferry terminal was a short walk from the M42/M50 stop, just three blocks away.  There is also a special ferry bus (pictured above) which also stops along a circular route at regular bus stops and this pulls right up to the terminal.  This terminal services seven different routes, and weekday mornings runs every 10 minutes to Port Imperial ($9).  While the terminal was nowhere close to rush hour crowds, I envisioned how some of the 85,000+ spectators might make their way here en route to the track.  Soon after boarding I struck up a a conversation the ship’s captain, a very friendly guy who thought that if all six ferrys were operating in unison to the circuit, they should be able to handle the volume of race fans at a decent rate.

Pulling up to the Port Imperial terminal. Start/finish straight and pitlane building are located immediately behind the terminal

It’s a scenic trip across the Hudson, less than 10 minutes long, and the Port Imperial building that greets you is a modern structure of glass and metal.  The pitlane building isn’t too far behind it, and the width of concrete structure for it is visible on either side.  There are over a dozen team bays facing the water across from the terminal exit, and the start finish straight/pit lane is located in between.

Before taking a drive around the circuit, I had an appointment with a very gracious civil engineer from Tilke who took the time to discuss the project with plans he had brought with him.  It was my second meeting with a Tilke team member since my visit to Austin last year, and it was a pleasure again asking questions and understanding the project and effort the team’s been making to build a race circuit.

As I asked about all kinds of work going on at the track, I kept reminding myself that The Grand Prix of America at Port Imperial was announced only last Fall, so I was impressed to see the pit structure buzzing with activity across from our meeting in the terminal.  There aren’t too many more visible signs right now of physical progress on the track, but the scale of the planning involved was made clear by my friend at Tilke.  Working on a huge project such as this with local authorities, utilities and community members impacted directly by street closures and equipment on site is a critical part of the process, and I explained my experiences in San Jose with the 2005 – 2007 Champ Car series races there had given me an appreciation for constructing a street circuit race.

After a long chat I thanked him again, and took a look outside at the start finish straight sandwiched between ferry building and pitlane:

Port Imperial start/finish straight along the waterfront

This photo shows the current layout of the street and landscaping with sidewalk, and it’s understood that much of this will be moved to make way for the grand prix circuit’s path and pitlane, including track wall structures.  One way this race is going to be impacting the community will be by changing public spaces such as these, so it is helpful to see how street circuit pitlanes have been designed in the past and what they look like when not in use.

The Valencia street circuit pitlane with landscaping, bicycle and pedestrian area when not in use, garages are to the right

This area of the Valencia circuit has been converted for public use with bicycle lanes and pedestrian traffic on the pit lane and boxes, with mobile landscaping and benches along the way to create space for public use when the track is not in service.  Part of the challenge creating a street circuit on public roads involves providing for the use of the space for when the site is not active as a racing venue, something that can be a key factor in the race’s long term success.

Driver's left view from the main straight before turn 1

Driving down the main straight and looking driver’s left, the amazing skyline of Manhattan is a beautiful backdrop for this circuit – and one of the main selling points for this location.  Turn 1 begins a series of left-right-left turns lined with grandstands before running up JFK drive.

My next post will cover the drive up the hill, and challenges Tilke’s engineers face with creating a usable public road surface and Formula 1 race track.  (Part 2 here) To get more familiar with the circuit, here’s a copy of the complete layout (.pdf) that you can also download:

Port Imperial F1 Street Circuit Master


Filed under American F1 circuits, American F1 Events, Formula 1 New Jersey, GP of America, Uncategorized